The condition of the skin around the eyes is affected not only by the features of its structure, but also by a number of other circumstances.
In autumn and winter, the cold wind causes tears: the salty liquid, in contact with the skin, damages the already weak lipid barrier. This leads not only to dryness, but also to irritation. In sunny weather, ultraviolet light provokes hyperkeratosis - a protective reaction due to which the skin coarsens.
In rooms with central heating or air conditioning, the air is usually dry, and the skin suffers a total lack of moisture.
Mindlessly selected cosmetics, makeup left overnight, masks applied to the area around the eyes contrary to the requirements of the instructions - all this can cause dry skin of the eyelids.
If peeling of the skin around the eyes is not associated with the cold or the effects of the diet, you need to check if this is a reaction to allergens.
The most common of them are blepharitis, eczema, seborrheic dermatitis. If dryness of the skin of the eyelids is caused by a disease, do not self-medicate. Make an appointment with a specialist to clarify the diagnosis and provide the skin with adequate therapy.
Signs of dry eyelid skin - tightness, redness, itching © iStock
Signs of dry skin around the eyes:
Damage to the skin can cause dry skin around the eyes. This happens when the skin is subject to constant irritation, such as cosmetics. Poor hygiene of cosmetic applicators can also lead to dry skin, as harmful bacteria accumulate on the hands and sponges.
Exposure to aggressive chemicals
If your eyes are exposed to prolonged exposure to certain chemicals in cosmetic products that you apply to your face, this can lead to dryness as your skin becomes thinner and more sensitive. Thin skin is naturally more susceptible to irritation from toxins and chemicals, including skin products and facial cleansers.
- Skin damage due to sunburn, which can cause serious burns to the skin of the eyes. You may also have dry skin around your eyes if you are exposed to rays from welding.
- Perioral dermatitis, which is a chronic disease and is accompanied by a skin rash, which usually occurs due to poor hygiene.
- Blepharitis, which mainly affects the eyelids, causing inflammation, dryness and scaly skin.
- Eczema can occur in areas around the eyes, including the eyelids. In addition to dryness, eczema makes the skin scaly.
Dry itchy skin
The skin around the eyes is the thinnest so if it is dry and flaky, it can also be red and irritated. Dry skin around the eyes can occur for a number of reasons and leads to itching and peeling. This may be caused by the following conditions:
- According to the National Psoriasis Foundation, facial psoriasis can occur around the eyes, most often on the eyebrows. It dries the skin, making it scaly.
- Eczema can occur anywhere in the body and leads to severe dry spots that become itchy, red, and sore.
- Blepharitis is an inflammatory condition that affects the eyelids due to a malfunction of the sebaceous glands. This condition is characterized by red, itchy, and flaky eyelids.
Some of the side effects of using cosmetics and makeup on the skin around the eyes:
- Contact dermatitis occurs due to an allergic reaction to certain irritants that touch your skin, causing itchy skin.
- Cosmetics such as eyeliner, mascara, eye shadow, or tools used to apply them can accumulate bacteria over time that will irritate the skin, dry it, and possibly make it scaly.
- Face care products can also irritate and dry the skin around the eyes.
In infants and young children
Dry skin around the eyes of infants has now become a major problem in the world due to dynamic weather changes. Common causes include blepharitis, eczema, contact dermatitis and sunburn, sometimes infection.
To find the right treatment, you first need to understand what is the main cause of eczema. So, eczema in children develops due to the “combination of genes and environmental factors” [Nationaleczema.org]
Very dry skin
Very dry skin around the eyes is usually caused by makeup. Dry skin needs treatment because it is more prone to damage, such as cracking, and also increases the likelihood of wrinkles around the eyes.
In addition, dry skin can indicate an underlying disease, and if it does not respond to treatment with cosmetics and home remedies, it is better to consult a doctor. There are several possible causes of dry, red, flaky, and itchy skin around the eyes:
- Cold and windy weather in autumn and winter.
- Sun exposure
- Skin care products
Dry skin under the eyes
If you have dry skin under the eyes, the reasons may be the same as we already mentioned, namely:
- Climate change
- Skin irritation
- Sharp chemical attack
- Dermatological disorder
- Skin diseases around the eyes
The sensitivity of the skin is not easy to control, especially when it becomes dry, itchy and scaly. The situation is complicated if you continue to use cosmetics, such as mascara and curling irons, if you have an allergy.
These symptoms mostly appear with dry eyelids, but they can be associated with skin conditions such as blepharitis. For safety reasons, do not allow the treatment of allergies. The best measures worth taking are to get diagnosed. If the skin around the eyes becomes very painful, consult a doctor.
How to get rid of dry skin around the eyes?
Let's look at the methods of treatment, as well as folk remedies.
Use antibacterial gel. They will prevent the accession of staphylococcal infections, which are likely to worsen the condition.
Eczema is treated with moisturizers and lotions, and you may also need oral steroids. Eczema can also be treated with lotions and gels containing antihistamines, antifungal, antibiotic, antibacterial, anti-inflammatory or analgesic components.
Use creams to moisturize dry skin around the eyes, such as petroleum jelly.
Factors that provoke dry skin from the outside include:
- insect bites
- poor or improperly taken care of the skin,
- adverse climatic conditions
- dry indoor air
- insufficient water intake,
- lack of sleep.
After an insect bite, traces of puffiness and dryness appear on the upper eyelid. The skin also becomes inflamed and flaky.
The epidermis on the face is different in sensitivity, thickness and amount of subcutaneous fat. On the upper and lower eyelids, it is thin and without a layer, in contrast to other sites.
Therefore, manufacturers of care products have developed special skin care.
It is no coincidence that there are creams that are applied in the morning, afternoon or only at night. They are different in composition and concentration of the main active ingredients needed at a given time of day.
Therefore, an improperly selected product or lubrication of the skin surface with the same cream day and night will inevitably lead to the appearance of dryness and peeling.
Many women make a mistake when they begin to actively use cosmetics to hide small wrinkles around their eyes. This can not be done, because the early start of its use threatens with dryness and peeling.
It is best to use moisturizing masks and creams that nourish the skin of the upper layer. The first wrinkles appear with a moisture deficit, and you should not try to eliminate them with anti-aging cosmetics as soon as possible. There is always an alternative care that does not harm the eyes.
Too dry and hot climate dries the epidermis, taking life-giving moisture from it. Therefore, before going out, it is important to eat properly and protect it, which is carried out with the help of special caring cosmetics.
In rooms where you have to stay for a long time, you can install a humidifier.
Deficiency of vitamins A, B, E, trace elements, insufficient water consumption during the day create a favorable background for dry areas around the eyes.
Insufficient sleep also affects the health of facial tissues. Loss of elasticity of the epidermis, dryness, wrinkles and dull color - this is the result of defective sleep.
Not only under the influence of factors from the external environment there are problems with the skin around the eyes. It is necessary to take into account internal reasons, because in some cases they are dominant. Among them are:
- insufficient formation of tear fluid,
- skin diseases
- deficiency of vitamins and minerals.
Allergic reactions occur after eating certain foods, using cosmetics, drugs, or contact with animals.
In this situation, the surface around the eyes turns red and peels. Sometimes it is not immediately possible to determine the cause, and therefore tests are carried out to determine sensitivity to allergens.
The tear fluid normally moisturizes not only the surface of the eye, but also the mucous membranes and the epidermis surrounding it. If it is not secreted, dryness appears, and certain areas of the skin begin to peel off.
The area around the eyes requires careful care. There is a specially designed cosmetics specifically for such sensitive areas.
Skin diseases, which include blepharitis, atopic dermatitis, are manifested by dry eyelids, in which skin is cracked on the eyelids. Therefore, treatment is aimed at combating the root cause.
Treatment for peeling the skin around the eyes
It is sometimes difficult to independently organize the right skin care around the eyes. Therefore, when using cosmetics, it is important to follow the sequence of stages:
Following the exact sequence will calm and moisturize the skin around the eyes.
The most successful option for the first stage among cosmetics is milk or cream. Gel for care is best chosen for a woman with normal skin, which does not require a special approach. It is recommended to pay attention to the two-layer liquid, in which one removes any cosmetics. If the skin is inflamed and flaky, then the second layer is created specifically for her.
The face must be looked after daily, and only then dryness and wrinkles can be avoided. As cleansers, cream used for cooking dishes is also suitable. They perform a dual function - they not only cleanse, but also nourish the tissues.
It is important to choose the right products to take care of the beauty of the face. Normally, the cells produce hyaluronic acid, which maintains youth and prevents drying out. Therefore, the choice should be given to cosmetics based on it.
Hyaluronic acid is best purchased in its purest form and added to homemade masks. Another stimulant is aloe juice. It not only fills the water deficit in cells, but also accelerates tissue repair.
When performing the last stage of facial care, problems usually do not arise. Almost any nourishing cream will do. The advantages of purchased cosmetics - a dense texture and hypoallergenic. It is better to choose not a gel, but a cream that is saturated with fatty acids designed to eliminate dryness.
Other recommendations regarding lifestyle and sleep are important. You can’t sleep with your face in a pillow. Constant friction on bedding dries the epidermis and creates a favorable background for the appearance of the first wrinkles under the eye or in the corner.
You should reconsider your attitude to smoking. Nicotine is detrimental to cells of not only the face. It turns the epidermis into a rough fabric resembling parchment paper.
Basic rules for skin care around the eyes
Dry skin around the eyes is considered a difficult problem, because in this condition, every woman feels discomfort, and in some cases, pain. At the same time, some ladies can not apply eye shadow or use any decorative cosmetics.
Excessive dryness of the skin is due to many reasons:
- corneal problems,
- the presence of any infection
- chronic blepharitis (a condition of inflammation of the eyelids),
- bad habits,
- tear fluid deficiency,
- excess makeup applied on the eyelids.
If dry skin occurs due to the development of any serious disease, you should seek help from an experienced ophthalmologist, whose advice will help determine the effective treatment.
When the problem is insignificant, it is enough to adhere to certain rules:
- the constant use of moisturizers for the skin of the eyes,
- selection of a line of facial cleansers containing only natural trace elements,
- skin protection in the eye area from direct sunlight (it is useful to use sunglasses or a protective cream from sunlight),
- when applying a face mask, it is important not to get on the skin near the eyes,
- systematic intake of fluid in large volumes,
- maintaining a diet and maintaining health,
- the use of products containing vitamins A and E.
Do not forget that makeup from the eyelids must always be cleaned before bedtime. At the same time, movements should be carried out smoothly and accurately. When removing cosmetics from the eyelids, you do not need to stretch the dermis.
Often, dry skin under the eyes means the existence of other problems. It is possible that the cause of dryness in this situation may be the usual allergy to the cosmetics used.
Restoration of the skin around the eyes using cosmetics
Due to the lack of muscle and fat under the skin, it is subject to stretching. The appearance of initial facial wrinkles is observed in this zone.
Take care of the skin around the eyes should begin with youth. Naturally, this does not mean that you need to use various creams to prevent early age. It is enough to know that due to the lack of fat, the skin in this area can quickly lose its elasticity and become dry.
The skin requires constant hydration, as it is too mobile during wakefulness. It takes into account such phenomena as: facial movements, blinking eyes and others.
Dry skin needs to be cleaned with cosmetic milk or other means of moisturizing, allowing you to perfectly remove dust from the upper layer of the dermis and applied makeup, while not stretching it.
When cleaning, it is not recommended to use soap, as it contributes to a greater drying of the skin layer. For women with dry skin, it is advisable to have in their cosmetic bag, in addition to eye cream, a means for removing cosmetics with a hydrating property. Do not forget about the permanent removal of makeup from the eyes, since the remaining cosmetics cause great harm to the skin. When cleaning makeup, use cotton pads that do not have hairs. After the cosmetics are removed, you can apply cosmetics that are perfectly absorbed into the skin of the eyelids and have anti-allergenic properties.
Cream is a wonderful tool to combat the shriveled skin around the eyes. It is able to smooth out wrinkles that appear due to a lack of moisture in the body, to compensate for lipids necessary for the skin, making the surface more elastic and tender. When buying a cream, you need to pay attention to its composition, which should not contain lanolin, which causes allergies, red spots or excessive dryness. It is necessary to select funds containing the required level of pH.
Lotions are also very effective at moisturizing the skin around the eyes. Having a simple composition, they easily eliminate wrinkles, irregularities on the surface of the epidermis, and also moisturize it. When using contact lenses, a gel with high sensitivity is suitable. Use it is permissible forever.
Any products that care for the skin in the eye area should be periodically changed to prevent the occurrence of conjunctivitis or any other allergic reaction.
Nourishing masks for dry skin around the eyes
Of the huge variety of nourishing masks, honey is considered the most famous of them. After its use, the skin receives maximum hydration and the elimination of the smallest wrinkles. In order to prepare such a mask, you need 1 tbsp. spoon of honey and 1 tbsp. a spoon of sour cream. Everything is mixed and a few drops of olive oil are added. Next, this mixture is applied to pre-washed skin for 20 minutes. Then it is washed off with lukewarm water or a cotton pad soaked in milk.
In addition to such a tool, a strawberry mask is also used. Crushed berries (3 pcs.) Are mixed with 1 tbsp. a spoonful of honey. The resulting consistency is wrapped in marlechka and superimposed on the eyelids. After 15 minutes, you can wash off the applied layer with warm water.
When using masks that nourish dry skin in the problem area, do not forget about the precaution. Наносить эти средства нужно только на чистую кожу. Применять их лучше утром или перед сном.To avoid allergies, do not let the mask get into your eyes.
Do not forget that after each procedure for using the mask, you must definitely use a nourishing cream.
In order for the eyes to delight others with their radiance, and the skin looked attractive and healthy, constant care for them is required.