If you are interested in billiards and want to succeed in the game, you need to know how to hold the cue correctly, perfectly accept the game rack and perform various hits on the ball. It is important to regularly engage in billiards, hone skills and accumulate gaming experience. Players who do not set ambitious goals and do not develop their abilities remain in the circle of amateurs and do not reach a high level of skill. If you started to explore the limitless world of billiards, it will be useful to read a few tips.
How to hold a cue and beat?
High performing percussion technique is an indispensable factor on the path to victories in the billiard field. And here, the correct position of the cue in the hand is the key moment leading to the effective execution of a blow to the ball. The grip must be tight enough so that the cue does not slip and does not scroll in the palm of the hand, and it is very important to relax the beam wrist of the hand, because the work of it in the percussion mechanism is extremely important.
In the initial position, when the cue is close to the ball, the working arm should form a straight line or a smaller angle (in the shoulder / forearm ligament) with respect to the cue.
The supporting arm forms a reliable carpal rest for the cue (in the language of billiards - “bridge”) to set the cue in a stable direction. To accept the stop, the thumb and forefinger are used, creating a V-shaped bend serving as the center of the stop ("bed" for the cue).
Types of strokes
In the game of billiards, there are central and decentralized strokes. The difference between them is at what point in the ball is hit and with what effort they are performed. Most commonly applicable are the following strokes:
- Beat with a stop or "Klapshtos". When performing this element, the billiard player hits the center, or slightly lower, of the ball. This blow, along with the pull-back and pull-out, is the main technical technique for controlling and managing the cue ball.
- Roll forward. Such a blow is considered to be performed if, after the collision of the balls, the cue ball moves after the aiming. It is produced when it hits the top, from the center of the cue ball, points.
- A guy is a blow to a sector located below the center of the ball, in which the cue ball retains a lower rotation by the time it hits the impact ball. When performing, the softness and accuracy of striking the cue ball are important. Of great importance in the performance of such a ball is the state of the sticker on the cues. The player will be able to correctly perform a delay, provided that the sticker has a deliberate, elastic and rough surface.
- Doublet - a blow in which, after the collision of the balls, the aiming ball first touches the side, only after that it enters the pocket.
How to distinguish between amateurs, and "rolled" on billiards?
Non-professional billiard players are conventionally divided into two categories - amateurs and "katals." The difference between them is the level of skill and the goals that they set for themselves. The former, do not seek to win competitions, play for pleasure. Billiards for them is a way to have a good time and relax. In a billiard match, amateurs are not original and predictable, because they use the same billiard skills and do not bother to study the technique, tactics and strategy of the game.
"Katala" - one of the highest, but not revered ranks among billiards. Such "players" have excellent skill and are rightfully considered masters of their craft. Often they hide their high qualifications and intentionally succumb to opponents, but invariably win. For a duel, they choose weak opponents and rarely play with experienced billiard athletes, never taking part in competitions, but playing for money in clubs.
How did the chalk for billiards
Initially, the players who used leather stickers saw that the sticker was an invaluable assistant for virtuoso playing (and even “Kickless”), but the skin in these conditions was short-lived, not even surviving until the end of the day. One English entrepreneurial marker, John Carr, conducted an experiment with ordinary chalk and rubbed a sticker on his cue. After many impressive victories, he, authoritatively declaring possession of a special secret, began selling ordinary chalk to other players for good money, but with the name “twisted chalk”!
Such a miracle chalk was widespread, despite the fact that he scratched the cue, spoiled and bleached the cloth, and also contributed to decay, without fully fulfilling his main task. But the idea was extremely good, so William Spinks, an American professional billiard player, together with his friend chemist patented the “Spinks chalk” in 1987, which was distinguished by its high quality abrasive, which ensured good adhesion to the ball at the time of impact.
Modern chalk for billiards.
In addition to the name, chalk for billiards has nothing to do with the "school brother", in its composition:
- Aloxite - aluminum oxide (AlOz), it is also corundum as an abrasive,
- white quartz
- the pigment is usually blue.
A carefully metered mixture is fed into a 15-ton press and takes the form of cubes, and then dried, gaining a dense shell. Such chalk acquires grinding and sufficient rigidity from the abrasive, and talc gives the desired "soap". As a result, such billiard chalk covers the sticker with a very thin, but effective layer, without damaging the cloth and not dirtying anything. It must be stored in a dry place, if it becomes wet, then it cannot be restored.
How to use chalk for billiards
1. Savings are inappropriate, the cue should be rubbed before each next hit.
2. Do not rub the cue with drilling movements that spoil the chalk and cover the center of the sticker with chalk, but easily rotate the cue with a slight tilt to the cube.
3. The remains of chalk are removed with a finger, evenly distributed on the sticker.
4. The chalk is placed and stored indented upward.
With this method, the upper part of the cue (shaft) will have the necessary stability, which will allow to strike almost any blows. The disadvantages of this technique is the fixation of the cue, compared with a closed emphasis. To build an open bridge, you need to put your open hand on the table and pick it up a little. Next, you need to spread your fingers wider for better stability and put a large phalanx to the index, pointing it up and to the side. Shaft cue will be placed in the recess between the thumb and forefinger.
With a closed emphasis, it is better to fix the shaft, this will reduce the evasion of the cue in impact from the planned target. It is carried out in this way. In an open emphasis cover a cue with an index finger. Something should come out like a short sign “Ok!” Inside of which the shaft cue will advance. In this castle, the cue must be freely slid, but not loose. If there is little slip, use a glove or chalk.
Now back to the question of how to hold the cue. To feel the balance in this position of the hand, you need to move the cue, simulating the blows of different strengths. Make sure that your fingers are in good control of the line of impact, but at the same time do not interfere with the free movement of the tool. It must be remembered that it is better to maintain the correct position of the wrist, which should be on the same level as the forearm, and do not bend it inward or outward. In general, try to keep your arm relaxed and relaxed.
How to hold a cue on impact
The strike technique itself is extremely simple - lean forward, take such a position that the elbow of the “beating” hand is turned up, the forearm is perpendicular to it. Next, you need to fix the elbow in this position - the cue course will work with the help of the movement of the forearm, it should move softly and unhindered, like a pendulum. In no case do not increase the stroke stroke of the shoulder, the body, this will adversely affect accuracy. It is very important at the time of the first games to understand how to keep the cue in Russian billiards. It is necessary to carefully monitor the correct position of the hands and steadily correct yourself, not to give weakening. The whole difficulty is to initially accustom yourself to the right technique. Then it will be much more difficult for you to relearn.
What are cues
Cue for playing the Russian pyramid: height - 1m 64 cm, weighing from 680 to 900 grams. Billiard cues are made from a variety of wood species:
- Ramin (the same pine) is not a very reliable option, but rather inexpensive material.
- Canadian maple.
- Expensive hardwoods (black, swallowtail, sandalwood, rosewood).
Billiard cues are: inseparable, two-part, three-part. To date, a huge number of cues have appeared in the world, the shaft (which is the upper part of the cue) is covered with fiberglass film, it is designed to protect the tree from dampness and temperature factors. As a rule, they have an almost impeccable smooth surface and in the future, when following the rules for operating the tool, they do not modify their characteristics.
Tips: how to improve the game of billiards
Do not squeeze the cue like a baseball bat, firmly covering it with the whole palm. Do not hold it with just the edges of your fingers. Most of the players easily but firmly hold the cue with their thumb and forefinger. The other one or two phalanges easily support the cue from below. Talent, years of intensive training, a determined will to win will help offset any technical errors. And those who do not have the opportunity to often cut into billiards, it is better to adhere to orthodox methods.
After buying a cue, it is not recommended to perform intense and powerful blows immediately, since your thoughtless actions can provoke a shaft distortion. At the beginning of use, it is better to carry out light and easy strokes. In order to quickly and efficiently learn to hold the correct cue and perform game manipulations, you need to spend as much time as possible at the pool table. You need to be on fire with this idea, you should be interested, and only then will the game not be a burden to you. You can learn all the tricks of billiards and the game will be to your pleasure.